Kiev passes more flexible law on privatization

The Supreme Council of Ukraine has passed Law No. 7066 “On Privatization of State and Municipal Property” by 266 votes on January 18. Vitaly Trubarov, acting chairman of the State Property Fund, pointed out that it is necessary to amend 20 legislative acts in order to make the law effective.

The law introduces the simplified classification of objects of small-scale and large-scale privatization. Specifically, if the value of assets of an enterprise has exceeded 250 million grivnas over the course of 12 months, it is classified as the object of large-scale privatization while assets valued at the lower sum of money fit into the category of the objects of small-scale privatization.

The time frames of a sale were amended as well. According to the law, the objects of large-scale and small-scale privatization shall be sold within 11 and five months respectively.

In addition, the document has expanded the list of objects subject to privatization.

Some government officials think that under the new rules, privatization would enable a change in Ukraine’s economic system from the primary producing economy to the value-added one. Assets will be sold by public auctions to attract investments and technologies.


ADIOZ LLC has a new investment opportunity: innovative anamegator

The Kiev-based scientific-production company ADIOZ Ltd. is well known as the developer, producer and supplier of the original nanoactivators of combustion, namely anamegators and anaclarids.

There is a relatively great number of developed depressing admixtures in the world today and, as a rule, each admixture has only one usage (for example, one of them is used for reducing a temperature of the solidification of crude oil and fuel oil).

The anamegator, which has been developed and produced by ADIOZ, is multifunctional and has several advantages of the modification of fuel oil and oil, compared with depressing admixtures. A package of the advantages is the following:

– a change in rheology and an increase in fluidity enable a pickup by 10-15% in the speed of a flow;

– high detergency provides the cleaning of pipelines and an additional increase by 5% in the speed of a flow;

– anamegator produced by ADIOZ increases the output of light products by 7% in the course of oil processing;

– it reduces flashing losses by 5% when storing and transporting light hydrocarbon fractions;

– it increases twofold and even threefold the shelf life of fuel, preventing its stratification and oxidation;

– an increase in combustion efficiency owing to a change in the composition of fuel.

In view of the above, ADIOZ offers prospective partners to consider cooperating in applying the nanotechnology, making use of the anamegator when transporting crude oil at all stages including pipelines, tanks designed for storage and transportation (motor and railroad transport, ships), and oil pumping stations. In addition, the company proposes to involve research capacities in related industries that would help fuel its global ambitions.

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Large Business Innovation & Technology Management event to arrive in KPI in May

The 23rd International Society for Business Innovation and Technology Management Conference will take place at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) on May 14-16. Importantly, the format of the event includes a call for papers.

The conference is themed: “Production, Innovation and Circular Economy”. This event aims to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas on the latest international business innovation developments in the field of management among researchers and practitioners in universities and industries, and to seek opportunities for collaboration among the participants.

The conference is also expected to foster networking, collaboration and joint effort among conference participants to advance the theory and practice, as well as to identify major trends in production, innovation and circular economy. ISBITM conferences have been very successful in attracting participations from all over the world. Currently, there are European BITM, African BITM and Asia Pacific BITM for their regional development.

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Section of Astronautics History at State Polytechnic Museum in Kiev

The building of the former auto shop at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) houses the Section of Astronautics History of the State Polytechnic Museum celebrating the many famous people and events with which space exploration is associated. The exposition shows general astronautics history from olden days to present time. Stands feature pioneers in astronautic theory, namely Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Friedrich Tsander, Yuri Коndratyuk and others, represent the Moscow Rocket Movement Study Group, as well as the Leningrad gas-dynamic laboratory and its ideologists – Sergey Korolyov and Valentin Glushko.

The exposition shows initial steps in astronautic practice from the launch of rockets from the Kapustin Yar cosmodrome to the launch of the Earth’s first artificial satellite and the first manned spaceflight.

A separate section is dedicated to the exploration of the Moon and other planets of a solar system. The stands showcase flights of probes to the Moon, photography of the dark side of the Moon, automatic extraction of Moon rocks and their delivery to the Earth.

One of the themes of the exposition is dedicated to the U.S. lunar program, which accomplished landing astronauts on the Moon. Visitors can see photos of astronauts on the Moon and the pattern of their flight. Mathematically substantiated calculations done by Yuri Kondratyuk during his studies at the Second Poltava Gymnasium were used for drawing up this program.

International space programs included flights of Soyuz craft to the orbital stations Salyut, Mir and the International Space Station, joint flight of the Soyuz and U.S. Apollo craft, the international program Vega to explore Venus and Halley’s Comet.

Samples of space-rocket hardware are among exhibits of the Museum. Visitors can see one of the few samples of the state-of-the-art booster of the long-range ballistic missile R-12 kept in Ukrainian museums. Its mass production was organized at the engineering plant Yuzhmash in Dnepropetrovsk. Mikhail Yangel and Valentin Glushko were chief designers of the missile and the booster respectively. In 1962 R-12 missiles were shipped to Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis. Although the missile and the booster went out of production in the 1970s, R-12 has become the prototype for Kosmos booster rockets designed to orbit Earth’s artificial satellites. The exhibit highlights a certain stage of development of Soviet and Ukrainian rocket technology of the 20th century.

The space capsule of the Voskhod multiseater craft is the only exhibit there among Ukraine’s museums. It had been operating in near-earth orbit under the name Kosmos-59 from March 7 to March 15, 1965 before the spacewalk performed by Soviet cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov in the same year. The mission of Kosmos-59 was to measure Earth’s radiation belts, solar activity, X-ray radiation, effects of these factors on a living organism, as well as to photograph the sun’s corona and the surface of the Earth in the interests of national economy and defense of a country. Its design is similar to the first manned spacecraft of the Vostok and Voskhod series.

The first Ukrainian nanosatellite of the CubeSat class of KPI make is exhibited near the Voskhod space capsule. Its development started in 2009. Blasted off from the Yasny launch base in Russia’s Orenburg Oblast on June 19, 2013, the Dnepr booster vehicle put the nanosatellite into orbit at an altitude of 650-710 kilometers where it continues operating.

Development of the nanosatellite envisaged the following main tasks: training of highly skilled specialists for the space-rocket industry on the basis of modern components; the creation of a small unified platform to explore space, testing of new engineering developments and technologies; reception and processing of satellite information, development of the ground testing infrastructure at KPI to explore space; experimentation in space with solar batteries developed at KPI; research in the impact of space on operation of electronic subsystems of a satellite; and research on operation of GPS systems.

The Museum boasts the life-size model of the Earth’s first artificial satellite 58 centimeters in diameter, weighing 83.6 kilograms. By launching the first artificial satellite Sputnik-1 on October 4, 1957, the U.S.S.R. initiated the Soviet program Sputnik under the guidance of Sergey Korolyov. This initiative also triggered the race between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S. to conquer space. Measurements of orbital deflection of Sputnik-1 helped determine density of the upper atmosphere. In addition, the satellite helped explore propagation of radio signals in the ionosphere. The body of the satellite was filled with compressed nitrogen that enabled to detect meteoroids as their penetration from outside would tell on temperature data sent to the Earth. Because the unexpected success of the Soviet spacecraft stirred up the Sputnik crisis in the United States and kindled the space race, political ambitions overweighed heavily scientific importance of Sputnik-1.

A set of the exhibits, which both Ukrainian and Russian museums do not have but KPI, include starry sky simulators and the desk of an operator of space communication. The complex was used for mastering cosmonauts’ skills in orienting a craft in space, coping with nominal and off-nominal situations during docking, flight and undocking of a spaceship, as well as in operating the landing system in a manual mode. In particular, it was used in the Cosmonauts Training Center named for Yuri Gagarin in the town of Zvezdny within the training complex of the Soyuz spaceship. Simulation of northern and southern hemispheres of the Earth’s starry sky is a special feature of the design of this complex.

Among other Ukrainian museums, KPI has kept the only sample of the technological duplicate of the descent vehicle of space probe Venera 4 that was used for ground bench tests of onboard equipment. Launched on June 12, 1967, the original probe Venera 4 covered a distance of 350 million kilometers over the course of nine months and successfully went into Venus’ orbit wherefrom it entered the Venusian atmosphere and made a soft landing on the surface of the planet for the first time in astronautics history. And for the first time, it sent the data back to Earth, which included chemical composition, atmospheric density, temperature and pressure on the surface of Venus. The descent vehicle weighs 383 kilograms.

Cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov presented the Museum with the control knob during his visit to KPI. The control knob was fixed on the spaceship Voskhod-2 that carried out a mission in March 1965. Its crew consisted of cosmonauts Aleksey Leonov, who became the first person to perform a spacewalk, and Pavel Belyaev. Using this knob, Pavel Belyaev manually directed the ship towards the landing zone.

Glider Junior is the only real model built at the Kiev aircraft factory at the end of the 1980s as a prototype of the single seat glider А-1 designed by Оleg Аntonov in 1935. It served as a sample to organize mass production of gliders designed for initial training in junior gliding schools. In 1989 the glider made trial flights at the Chaika airfield near Kiev.

KPI scientists and engineers made a great contribution to the space program, particularly the Vibrocenter program of vibration testing of the Buran space shuttle, development of heat insulation tiling for spacecraft, etc. Creating space-rocket hardware and orientation instruments, KPI graduates worked at almost all leading space industry enterprises including the Dnepropetrovsk space-rocket center, the Kiev central design office of research and production association Аrsenal, production association Коmmunar, and the company Khartron based in the city of Kharkov.

The nanosatellite PolyITAN-2-SAU developed by a team of scientists, professors and students of Igor Sikorsky KPI was put into near-Earth orbit on May 26, 2017 at 6 a.m. Kiev time. Carrying the nanosatellite built by KPI specialists, together with 27 other CubeSats made at universities from 19 countries, in two specialized containers, the resupply spacecraft Cygnus CRS OA-7 aboard the Atlas V booster rocket blasted off from Cape Canaveral, U.S.A., on April 18, 2017. Cygnus CRS OA-7 was docked with the International Space Station on April 22. And so, a launching group of 18 university CubeSats including PolyITAN-2-SAU was delivered to its designated orbital position during the early hours of May 26.

Section of Aviation History at State Polytechnic Museum in Kiev

By Vladimir V. Sytin

If the time you can devote to engineering developments in the Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) is extremely limited, this Section alone may be your answer. It is located in one of the authentic buildings of former aircraft-auto shops of the KPI, which were built in 1915-1916. The repair of airplanes and manufacture of some parts was organized there in 1916-1917 during World War I. Plans were afoot to open there the aircraft factory capable of turning out up to 20 airplanes a month. However, such production turned out to be lossmaking and it was stopped. Further, the premises served as utility rooms and storehouses.

In 2007 the KPI administration decided to preserve the building, reconstruct it and place there exhibits devoted to aviation and space history on the basis of the existing section of the museum and the space museum, whose exhibits were collected by veterans of Soviet space-vehicle launching sites, as it faced the risk of destruction.

Its inauguration took place on May 14, 2008. Among honored guests were Rudolph Giuliani, former mayor of New York City, world boxing champion Vitali Klitschko, American diplomats, representatives of the Ukrainian public, KPI students and professors, journalists.

The exposition of the aviation section includes stands with information and exhibits covering the process of exploration of airspace from balloons to modern airliners. The exposition highlights the role of KPI in this process.

The first flight taken by the Wright brothers in 1903, using their powered airplane (be sure to see its model, which was presented by the Boeing delegation to KPI), gave impetus to the establishment of the aviation club at KPI in 1908. This event also stimulated Professor Alexander Кudashev to build the airplane and fly it in June 1910 for the first time in history of the Russian Empire.

Near it are gifts given by the delegation of Boeing top managers, which was led by company’s president and chief executive officer Dennis Muilenburg. They visited the Museum and gave models of modern passenger airplanes В-787 and В-747І, photographs, albums, souvenirs and textbooks written by Stepan Тimoshenko, topflight Russian-U.S. machine scientist, who served in the early ХХ century as the chair of the mechanical department at Kiev Polytechnic Institute. His engineering developments were important for building Boeing aircraft, making wide use of composite materials. Fruitful cooperation continues as KPI and companies Boeing and Progresstech Ukraine have opened the first joint center in summer of 2014.

The section devoted to the Russian-U.S. pioneer in aircraft design, namely Igor Sikorsky, is of particular interest. Igor Sikorsky was born in Kiev, made his first helicopter in the yard of his father’s house, designed and piloted airplanes, as well as made record flights. The Museum received a collection of models, thanks to his son Sergey and the Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation. Among them are the first helicopters and airplanes, as well as amphibian aircraft and helicopters produced in the United States.

The model of the world’s largest Ilya Muromets airliner made in 1913 and the picture representing a flight from St. Petersburg to Kiev in June 1914 features the major event in aviation history of those times. For the first time in world practice, these airplanes had one-piece fuselage with an innovative enclosed cabin. This airliner set a number of records for carrying capacity, number of passengers, the duration and maximum altitude of a flight. Igor Sikorsky redesigned Ilya Muromets as the world’s first bomber that was mass-produced. The aircraft was given the honorable name Kievsky in memory of the famous June flight routing St. Petersburg-Kiev-Novo-Sokolniki-St. Petersburg.

Ilya Muromets piloted by Igor Sikorsky landed in Kiev on June 17, 1914 at 11 a.m. In addition to engineer Vladimir Panasyuk, the crew included two future commanders of Ilya Muromets airplanes, namely pilots of St. Petersburg air force company Captain Khristofor Prusis and naval pilot Lieutenant Georgy Lavrov. Owing to the white summer night the flight started under favorable conditions, but the crew soon caught a strong headwind that cut the speed of Ilya Muromets from the normal 100 to 70 kilometers an hour. The airliner made the first stop in Orsha and the next one at the Kopis station because of a breakage in a gasoline line. Overall, flight conditions were unfavorable. Ilya Muromets soared in storm clouds all the time. The crew had to fly in pouring rain and headwind for two hours. Ilya Muromets reached an altitude of 1,300 meters to fly above the clouds but the sun was blinding and the crew did not see land. The successful flight proved once more endurance of Ilya Muromets. The pilots had to read a compass without sighting land. Near Kiev they dared to break through heavy clouds to land. However, it turned out that they left the city behind. So the pilots had to turn back to the airfield. A distance of about 1,020 kilometers had been covered over the course of 13 hours and 10 minutes. Sikorsky and his fellows stayed in Kiev till June 26, giving several exhibition flights. Sikorsky’s sister, his uncle, the vice-president of Kiev aviation association, Markov were among passengers during one of the flights. Flocked on balconies and rooftops, eyes skywards, almost all residents of Kiev were transfixed by the flight at an altitude of 1,400 meters.

Recently, patrons of art have given the Museum a piano of 1913 vintage, which Igor Sikorsky presented to the wife of his elder brother.

Ukraine is one of the few countries that has the full cycle of aircraft construction from design, prototypes and their testing to mass production of aircraft.

The exposition features information about Оleg Аntonov, chief designer and founder of the Kyiv Design Bureau, as well as the collection of models of Ukraine-built Antonov modern airplanes including Mriya and Ruslan.

There are other Ukrainian aircraft enterprises in the exposition. The Zaporozhye-based plant Motor Sech is represented by two state-of-the-art aircraft engines АІ-24 and D-36. The innovative ducted-fan turbojet engine (DТRD) D-36 of 1980s vintage was developed by the Ivchenko design bureau Progress under the guidance of Vladimir Lotaryov. When developing the engine D-36, its designers chose a high degree of the ducted-fan techniques for the first time in national practice of motor construction. The techniques provided for a high temperature of gas (1,237 degrees centigrade) at the guide vane of a turbine and a large increase in pressure of a compressor. Development of the engine involved a plug-in design under a three-shaft chart, making extensive use of titanium. With a dry weight of 1,106 kilograms, the engine had a take-off thrust of 6,500 kilogram-forces. In 1973 Ukrainian specialists started building a pilot lot of Yak-42 airplanes equipped with engines D-36. It was the rare case in practice of aircraft construction when an engine gave rise to an airplane. The engine D-36 turned out to be so successful that it was used for several aircraft such as Yak-42, Аn-72, Аn-74, and the hovercraft Vikhr-2 and Коmetа-2. The engines of Tu-334, Be-200, An-148, as well as the engine of the world’s largest transport gunship Mi-26, were developed on the basis of D-36. Overall, about 1,700 engines D-36 were made by the plant Motor-Sech.

The Kiev-based plant Elektropribor, which specializes in the manufacture of flight recorders “black boxes”, and the Kharkov state aircraft enterprise whose first director was Konstantin Kalinin, KPI graduate, are still operating in the aircraft industry of this country. Kalinin’s work is represented by models of aircraft in the Museum.

The exposition also includes samples of pilot’s outfit – safety helmets and G-suits. The real helicopter Mi-2 and airplane Yak-40 are exhibited near the Museum.

SPF approves list of 100 enterprises subject to privatization

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine intends to steer 22.5 billion grivnas worth of privatization revenue to the national budget this year. To that end, the State Property Fund (SPF) has approved the list of 100 enterprises subject to privatization.

According to SPF acting chairman Vitaly Trubarov, the thermal energy company CentrEnergo (UX: CEEN), the Odessa portside chemical plant and several energy distributors are in active preparation for sale.

The Odessa plant remains in the highlight of privatization. Specializing in the transhipment of chemical products, the enterprise is the Ukraine’s third largest nitrogen fertilizer producer, as well as the second largest producer of ammonia and carbamide.

A competition to sell 99.6% of plant’s shares valued at 13.175 billion grn was announced as recently as June 2016. Although 10 companies of the United States, the Netherlands, Morocco, Indonesia, Turkey and Brazil showed interest in the auction at that time, the state-run fertilizer group was not sold.

Most Ukrainians regard anticorruption measures as failure

In recent polls most Ukrainians said this country did not achieve any success in a crackdown on corruption. Reportedly, 46.1% of the pollees regard anticorruption measures as a dismal failure.

Only 3% of the respondents recognized police’s efforts to combat corruption as effective. As a matter of fact, 35% think the Poroshenko regime does not fight against corruption at all. According to analysts, it is disheartening to see Ukraine’s law enforcement agencies more concerned with lining their pockets rather than fighting actual corruption.

At the same time, 26% of those polled regard the mass media and journalists as the bravest anticorruption activists.

It is widely believed that government officials are interested only in self benefit and they continue to wallow in corruption. Practically all sectors of the Groisman government, business and civic life are affected by widespread corruption. Bribery and extortion are particularly common in the Ukrainian public health and transportation systems. Enough already.

Poroshenko regime expected to get smaller loans as it loses IMF’s credibility

Losing the credibility of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the European Union, the Poroshenko regime expects to get smaller loans. Some 17 billion grivnas, which foreign countries, banks and funds may loan to Ukraine to implement investment projects, are provided for in the 2018 national budget.

In particular, the Cabinet of Ministers hopes to receive the greater part of loans from the World Bank and the European Investment Bank in the amount of 6.8 billion and 6.4 billion grn respectively. Also, Kiev counts on the governments of Poland, Hungary, Japan and Germany for loans.

As far as external borrowing is concerned, it was worthwhile for Ukraine to offer securities on the Eurobond market. Last year this country raised more than $3 billion in its sovereign bond issue due in 2032 that would ease painful debt commitments hitting a peak of $7.5 billion in 2019.

According to analysts, returning to the international financial market has made the Poroshenko regime less inclined to meet the IMF’s demands, which include pension reform and a crackdown on corruption. However, this year Kiev must pay the fund $2.4 billion worth of a debt issued by the state and state-owned subsidiaries in 2014 and 2015.

Deputy Finance Minister Yuri Butsa said Ukraine could borrow at least $2 billion in 2018. The total amount of borrowings may reach 215 billion grn this year that is 40.1 billion grn more than the planned sum of money loaned in 2017.

It is not possible to rely on non-recoverable financial assistance this year, though 2.4 billion grn worth of this assistance of the EU, foreign countries and international donors have been provided for in the 2018 national budget. Out of this amount, 600 million grn or so are expected to be allocated by the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Opinion: Ukrainians need more free medicines

In recent surveys 86% of Ukrainians said they knew that health care reform is being carried out in this country today. Data from sociologists show that 86% of respondents approve of the introduction of free medicines for diabetes, asthma and cardiovascular diseases, as well as of control over the use of funds allocated for construction of a new building at the Kiev-based children’s hospital Okhmadet.

Reportedly, 77% and 71% of the pollees are respectively in favor of the state policy of regulating prices of drugs and nationwide health insurance. Overall, 21% of the respondents are against innovations in addressing the health care reform.

In conclusion, it is worth noting too that the improvements, which serve the broader Ukrainian public, will have the added benefit of supporting health care entrepreneurs who are committed to a brighter, more efficient, and effective health care future.

Why U.S. attempts to block construction of Nord Stream 2

Reportedly, the U.S. State Department attempts to prevent construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline on the Baltic seabed. The reason behind this is that Washington is hell-bent on forcing European countries to buy more liquefied natural gas from the United States and thereby driving the Russian gas group Gazprom out of the European market under the political pretext.

The project Nord Stream 2 involves piping gas directly from Russia to Germany through the Baltic Sea, and it is unaffected by sanctions. Five European companies are involved while 100% of the shares belong to Gazprom. Matthias Warnig is CEO of Nord Stream and is also on the board of two large Russian companies, namely Vneshtorgbank and the oil company Rosneft.

As a matter of fact, the U.S. needs a small niche in the European gas market. However, Asia will be its target market. The Americans have already increased the export of gas to China and Japan last year while they have to sustain competition with Russia there. That is why the U.S. attempts to redirect Russian gas supplies to Europe via Ukraine.

Despite politicization of the world’s energy market, Ukraine may well preserve a role as the primary conduit for Russian gas exports to the European Union. According to experts, the volume of gas output will be substantially reduced in Norway by 2020. In addition, there might be difficulties about gas supplies from the Netherlands and Algeria. Under the circumstances, Europeans are about to take a renewed interest in gas transit through Ukraine that would allow this country to retain a capacity to convey at least 50-60 billion cubic meters of gas per year. Furthermore, Kiev may expect that investors among European gas operators, who would like to pump billions into the modernization of the Ukrainian pipeline system, could be found in the future.